Sabtu, 18 April 2015

Tugas 4 Question Tag

1.      Question tag

Understanding Question Tag

Question tags are short questions were added at the end of the statement ( declarative sentence ) to ask for information or ask for approval. As idioms (English expression),question tags are frequently used parts in everyday conversation anative speaker. Although grammar, pronunciation, and intonation of his kind, a person can easily be recognized not as anative speaker if you do not use question tags

Formula Question tags
linking verb "be" / auxiliary verb +/- not + pronoun
Specification:
·         linking verb "be" , namely: is, am, are, was, were, while the auxiliary verb form ofthe primary auxiliary verb (be, do, have) or capital auxiliary verb (will, would, may, may, MIGHT, can, could, shall, should) that matches the verb in the statement.
·         Adapted to the subject pronoun in the statement.
Sample Question Tags:
·         You love math, do not you? (You like math right?)
·         You do not love math, do you? (You do not like math, right?)

Basic Shapes
In summary, the basic form of Question Tag is as follows: If a statement (statement) are arranged in the form of a positive, structured question in the negative. Conversely, if a negative statement, the question is arranged in a positive form. The pattern can be described as follows:

Statement
Question Tag
(+)
(-)
Snow is white,
is not it?
(-)
(+)
You do not like badminton,
do you?

Variation Form
Form of question tags tailored to the verb or auxiliary verb in a statement. If the form of nominal sentence, we use is, am, are, was, or were. However, if it is a verbal sentence, we use do, does and did. Additionally question tags are used, adapted to the tenses used in the sentence. Therefore, the addition of the tag question should really pay attention to sentence tenses origin.

Variations to the positive form can be described as follows:

STATEMENT
QUESTION TAG
POSITIVE (+)
NEGATIVE (-)
Subject
Auxiliary
Main Verb
Auxiliary
Not
Personal Pronoun
You
are
reading,
are
not
you?
We
have
finished,
have
not
you?
You
do
like
juice,
do
not
you?
You
like
juice,
do
not
you?
They
will
help,
wo
not
they
I
can
write,
can
'T
I?
We
must
go,
must
not
we?
Heigh
should
try
harder,
should
not
he?
You
are
student,
are
not
you?
Jack
was
there,
was
not
he?


Variations in the negative:

STATEMENT
QUESTION TAG
NEGATIVE (-)
POSITIVE (+)
Subjct
Auxiliary
Main Verb
Auxiliary
Personal Pronoun
It
is
not
raining,
is
it?
We
have
never
seen
that,
have
we?
You
do
not
like
juice,
do
you?
They
will
not
help,
will
they?
They
wo
not
report
us,
will
they?
I
can
never
do
it right,
can
I?
We
must
not
tell
her,
must
we?
Heigh
should
not
drive
so fast,
should
he?
You
are
not
teacher,
are
you?
Jack
was
not
there
was
he?

Conditions
There are provisions in making the question tags, which are as follows:
1)      What if the statement is positive, "tag" that is used is negative. In this pattern the expected answer is "YES".
Example:
·         Julie is a good student, is not she? Yes, she is.
(Julie is a good student, is not it? Yes)
·         Bara likes reading a story book, does not he? Yes, he does.
(Bara like reading a story book, is not it? Yes)
2)      If its negative statement, "tags" are used is positive. In this pattern, the expected answer is "NO".
Example:
·         Your brother is not a dancer, is he? No, he is not.
(Your little brother is not a dancer, right? Not / No)
·         Your sister does not like doll, does she? No, she does not
(Your sister does not like dolls, right? Not)
3)      If in his statement there are "auxiliary verbs" (auxiliary verb), "tags" are used is the "auxiliary verbs" in the form opposite.
Example:
·         She can stay here, can not she?
(He can stay here, is not it?)
·         They can not write a letter, can they?
(They can not write a letter, is not it?)

Special Shape
This form also has a special form, namely the form that does not comply with the general formula formation of question tags. These forms are as follows:
1)      I am right, are not I?
For this sentence, based on the existing provisions, we should use amn't I. However, it is not unusual shape, so we use are not I?

2)      You have to go, do not you?
For this sentence, based on the existing provisions, should we use have not you. However, it is not unusual shape so that we use do not you? This form comes from you (do) have to go. We use the function to do as an intensifier.

3)      I have been answering, have not I?
For this sentence, based on the existing provisions, we should use have not been. However, it is not commonly used forms that we use have not I?

4)      Let's go, shall we?
Let's actually comes from the word let us. For this sentence, should we use do not we. However, it is not commonly used form so we use shall we?

5)      He'd better do it, had not he?
This phrase is often confusing. However, make sure that it is derived from the condensation had better, would not better, so the question tags used were had not he?

Question Formation Tag

Under the general rule (general rule) positive question tagscan follow a negative sentence (negative sentences).Likewise, negative question tags can follow the positive sentence (positive sentence).
Question tags consist of the main verb (if it is a linking verb "be"), dummy auxiliary verb "do / does / did" (if the main verb is not a linking verb) or the first auxiliary verb (if it consists of the main verb and one or more auxiliary) +/-notes + subjects (pronoun) which is adapted to the main sentence.

negative sentence, positive question tags
negative sentence, positive question tags
Ahmad did not come late, did he? 
(Ahmad did not come too late, right?)
Ahmad Came late, did not he? 
(Ahmad came too late, right?)
The man is not stingy, is he? 
(They will not be stingy man, right?)
The man is stingy, is not he? 
(TSB stingy man, right?)
You have not finished your homework, have you? 
(You have not completed your homework right?)
You have finished your homework, have not you? 
(You have completed your homework right?)
They will not attend the seminar, will they? 
(They will not attend the seminar, right?)
They will attend the seminar, will not they? 
(They will attend the seminar, right?)

Intonation in Question Tag
The purpose of the use of question tags is to ask for information or ask for approval.When used to ask for information, position the speakers do not know whether they are true or false. In these conditions, the question tag is emphasized with rising intonation (rising intonation).
As for when the question tags are used to seek approval, the speaker assured that the correct information is known, but expect answers that support his conviction.In that situation pronounced without emphasis question tags with intonation down (falling intonation).

Example Sentences Questions Tags:
You did not drink alcohol, did you? (You do not drink alcohol, right?)
§  If the speaker does not know if they are talking to drink alcohol and he wanted to know the answer, question tags are given emphasis with rising intonation.
§  If the speakers just want to know that the interlocutor does not drink alcohol and only expect assertion, question tags spoken without emphasis with intonation down.

More Example Sentences Question Tag
Some of the example sentences following question tags may not really follow the general rule that might be a bit confusing.

Example Sentences Questions Tags
I'm right, are not I?
spoken English
I'm right, am I not?
Formal English
Everybody likes him, do not they?
they are used as a neuter gender pronoun .
Nothing is impossible, is it?
Nothing = no thing, so the sentence to be negative, then positive his question tags.
Nobody Came late, did they?
Nobody = no body, so that the sentence becomes negative, 
then his question tags positive. Used they 
as the neuter gender pronoun.
You will never regret it, will you?
Never = not ever, so that the sentence becomes negative. Hence his question tagspositive.
Everything is nice, is not it?
Let's go now, shall we?
Do not speak, will you?
This / that is his bag, is not it?
Reviews These / Reviews those are your tools, are not they?
There is an old house, is not there?



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