Sabtu, 14 Maret 2015

Tugas Bahasa Inggris Bisnis # minggu 2

Understanding Sentence active and passive sentences

Active voice (active voice) is the subject of his sentence which does the job, on the contrary, the passive voice (passive voice) is the subject of his sentence in which the subject of work by the object of the sentence. Active voice is more commonly used in daily life compared with the passive voice. However, we often find the passive voice in newspapers, articles in magazines and scholarly writings. Passive voice is used as the object of the active voice is more important information than its subject. Example:
 Active: We fertilize the soil every 6 months

 Passive: The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months

The formula:
1. Active voice

Subject + verb + object

Example 1: Revelation Teaches English

Example 2: Helena is helping Mr. Ahmad Fairuz

2. Passive voice

Subject + auxiliary verb + verb + object 3

Note: included in the auxiliary verb is is, are, is being, are being, was, were, was being, were being, has been, have been, had been, will be, is going to be, and will have been.

Example 1: English is taught by Rev.

Example 2: Mr. Ahmad Fairuz is being helped by Helena

Note: when changing the active sentences into passive, then the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the sentence dipidah passive and followed by the by. By used to provide important information about who is doing the action.

Active voice and passive voice in the present and past use of the phrase

1. Present
 Active: She Brings the book. (He took the book.)
Passive: The book is brought by her. (The book was brought to him.)

 Active: Daniel is cleaning the floor. (Daniel was cleaning the floor.)
Passive: The floor is being cleaned by Daniel. (The floor is being cleaned by Daniel.)

 Active: The students have given the English books back. (The students had already returned books in English.)
Passive: The English books have been given back by the students. (Books in English has been returned by the student.)

2. Past
 Active: They printed the letter last night. (They are reprinting a letter yesterday evening.)
Passive: The letter was printed by them last night. (The letter was printed by them last night.)

 Active: Franda was cooking the noodle. (Franda was cooking noodles.)
Passive: The noodle was being cooked by Franda. (Mi being cooked by Franda.)

 Active: The man had watched The Dark Knight Rises. (He had been watching The Dark Knight Rises.)

Passive: The Dark Knight Rises had been watched by the man. (The Dark Knight Rises has been seen by him.)

bahasa indonesia

Pengertian Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif

Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan, sebaliknya, kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. Namun demikian, sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya. Contoh :


@ Active : We fertilize the soil every 6 months

@ Passive: The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months

Rumus :
1.      Active voice
Subject + verb + object

Example 1 :     Wahyu teaches English

Example 2 :     Helena is helping Mr. Ahmad Fairus

2.      Passive voice
Subject + auxiliary verb + verb 3 + object

Note : yang termasuk dalam auxiliary verb adalah is, are, is being, are being, was, were, was being, were being, has been, have been, had been, will be, is going to be, and will have been.

Example 1 :     English is taught by Wahyu

Example 2 :     Mr. Ahmad Fairus is being helped by Helena

Note : ketika mengubah kalimat active menjadi passive, maka subject dari kalimat active dipidah menjadi object pada kalimat passive dan diikuti dengan by. By digunakan untuk memberikan informasi yang penting tentang siapa yang melakukan aksi.

Kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif dalam menggunakan kalimat present dan past

1.      Present
@ Active: She brings the book. (Dia membawa buku.)
Passive: The book is brought by her. (Buku itu dibawa olehnya.)

@ Active: Daniel is cleaning the floor. (Daniel sedang membersihkan lantai.)
Passive: The floor is being cleaned by Daniel. (Lantai tersebut sedang dibersihkan oleh Daniel.)

@ Active: The students have given the English books back. (Para siswa sudah mengembalikan buku-buku bahasa Inggris.)
Passive: The English books have been given back by the students. (Buku-buku bahasa Inggris telah dikembalikan oleh para siswa.)

2.      Past
@ Active: They printed the letter last night. (Mereka mengeprint surat kemarin malam.)
Passive: The letter was printed by them last night. (Surat tersebut diprint oleh mereka kemarin malam.)

@ Active: Franda was cooking the noodle. (Franda sedang memasak mi.)
Passive: The noodle was being cooked by Franda. (Mi sedang dimasak oleh Franda.)

@ Active: The man had watched The Dark Knight Rises. (Pria itu telah menonton The Dark Knight Rises.)
Passive: The Dark Knight Rises had been watched by the man. (The Dark Knight Rises telah ditonton oleh pria itu.)

Referensi :


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