Sabtu, 14 Maret 2015

Tugas Bahasa Inggris Bisnis # minggu 1

Differences in use of words in English sentences below, namely:

1. Some
Some words have multiple meanings in Indonesian. So if the object which we will specify more than one word we can use some as penjelasnya. Some words we put right in front of the noun which we will explain in number. Some / few used on nouns that can be calculated [countable noun] and can not be calculated [uncountable noun] but its use only in a positive sentence alone. Examples of its use in a sentence is:

Example 1: [+] I need some apples for making fruit salad.
Example 2: [+] The seller pour some milk into the porridge.

Note: some of this word can only be used for positive sentences or sentence only news. So do not use some words if you will make a sentence negative or interrogative sentence.

2. Any
In any Indonesian has many meanings. However, any word can only be used in negative sentences or sentence just ask. Any word as well as some said, was also placed right in front of the noun. Example sentence is:

Example 1: [-] I do not have any foods to be eaten.
Example 2: [?] Do you have any coffee?
Example 3: [-] Mother does not buy any apples.

Note: In the first and third sentences are any examples used in negative sentences. While the second sentence is the word used in a sentence any questions. Do not forget to add an s to every noun that can be calculated.

3. Many
Many have much meaning in Indonesian. If any is used in negative sentences and sentence asked the many words used in sentences news. However, many words can only be used to describe a noun that can be calculated only. Many / lot used only on nouns that can be calculated [countable noun] and its use in a positive sentence [+] negative [-], and interrogative [?]. Examples of the use of many in a sentence:

Example 1: [+] I have so many books in my book shelf.
Example 2: [+] Joni has many T-shirts in the cupboard.
Example 3: [-] There are not many chairs in the classroom.

4. Much
Much have the same meaning as the many that much. Then what is the difference with many words? If many are used for objects that can be counted so much is used for objects that can not be calculated. Examples of its use in a sentence is:

Example 1: [+] I have so much coffee in my cabinet.
Example 2: [+] There is much ink in the bottle. (Edited)
Example 3: [-] I do not have much money anymore.
Example 4: [?] Does the mother need much salt.

5. A lot of
can be used both for objects that can be counted or not counted. This means that can be used to change the position of Many. What distinguishes the Many and Much is that the usage habits. A lot of just plain used in a positive sentence. Example:

Example 1: [+] I have a lot of friends WHO always stand by me.
Example 2: [+] How much money do you have? I have a lot of money.
Example 3: [+] There are a lot of shoes in the shoe shop.
Example 4: [+] Helena needs a lot of money to buy a car.

6. A FEW
A FEW LITTLE or little meaning. A few nouns that can be calculated. While a little for nouns that can not be counted in number. Example:

 A few children = little children
 A few house = little houses
 A few cats = little cats
 A little coffee = little coffee
 A little sugar = less sugar
 A little water = less water

Note: Keep in mind when we make a sentence with the word FEW and LITTLE should use a front. If penlisan few and little is not accompanied by a, then it means not a little. Words such as: ice, water, sugar, coffee, and tea can not be formed plural.

Differences in the use of the article / article with the words in English below, namely:
Article is an adjective (adjective) showing how specific or how common a word is a noun. There are three types of articles, namely: the, a / an, and who do not have the article (zero article).

 Differences in use of the article A vs. AN.
As the article, 'a' and 'an' meaning is one. In Indonesian, the article can be translated into an / an / an / a ff. It depends on the noun that follows. For example,
• an apple an apple =
• A lady = woman
• a tiger = tiger
• a leaf = leaf, and so on.

 The use of A and AN
1) a and an only be followed by a singular nouns (singular), tetapitidak been directly followed by uncountable nouns (objects can not be calculated). By him, would INCORRECT if you write,
• I need a water. (Water: uncountable noun)
• I just ate a bread. (Bread: uncountable noun)
• She just heard a bad news about her parents. (News: uncountable noun)

This sentence will be true if a removed or if the article before uncountable nouns (ie water and bread) added a graduated (container) or measure that serves to express how much / volume / size of the uncountable nouns.
• I need water. Or I need a glass of water.
• I just ate bread. Or: I just ate a big slice of bread.
• She just heard bad news about her parents. Or: She just heard a piece of bad news about her parents.

Whenever we use a and when we use an can be read on topikNoun (part 2): countable. In addition, belonging to dalamuncountable noun noun must also be known, because an article a and not used if followed by uncountable nouns.

2) a and an are used to express a singular noun in general (in general). Example:
·         A football is usually made of leather. (Leather = skin. Note: in this context, do not use the word skins. Leather is animal skin that has been processed).
·         An artist should keep a good relationship with the fans.

3) a and an are used to refer to a singular noun that has never been mentioned before. Example:
·         I met a guy last night.

·         My company just built a new skyscraper. (Skyscraper = skyscrapers)
 use THE article
There are a few rules that you must understand the use of articlethe.
• The commonly used to refer to a noun that has been previously pernahdisebutkan. Given the, noun in question to be more specific. Can be countable noun, can also uncountable noun. If countable noun, the noun can be singular, can also plural. In this case, the may mean that or it, or sometimes this. Example:

 I met a guy last night. The guy asked my number and Whether I would go out for a date. (Number = telephone number, date = date). In this sentence, the can be replaced with that.

 The water in my well is Contaminated. (Well = well, Contaminated = contaminated). In this sentence, the ill-fitting if replaced with that, because the "water" in this sentence has been explained by the "in my well". Try translate, feels awkward is not it?

 Three students did not perform well in my exam. The (three) students had not studied hard enough before the exam. In this sentence, katathree is optional: can be used, can also be eliminated, because its meaning has been understood by the listener or reader. In this sentence, the can be replaced with Reviews those / These. If you are still in doubt in the use of Reviews those / These will be more secure if you use the.

 There are many persons named Agnes Monica on Facebook. You will have a hard time to find the Agnes Monica sings Matahariku WHO.
Instead, the unused if we talk about uncountable nouns or plural nouns in general (in general). Example:
 Water needs to be conserved. (The water needs to be conserved / protected).
 Sugar is sweet. (Sugar (taste) sweet).
 Durians are very smelly. (Duarian-durian very smell / odor hard).
 Lazy students hardly get good grades. (Students are lazy hardly ever gets good grades).
 Words such as breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper (= dinner), school, church, home, and colleges generally do not require the article. However, if the noun is referenced, then the required article. Example:
 We go to school everyday. Starting next week, however, the school will be bulldozed by the government. (Be bulldozed = razed to the ground by using a bulldozer).
 Jenny and I just finished having lunch at the cafeteria. I thanked her because she paid for the lunch.
 I am very tired. I'd like to go home.
 Rules others in determining whether the use or not, can be seen in the following table. Note: the being used on nouns in the following table are generally not mean "the", to him, it can not be replaced with that.

Use THE to: Do ​​not use THE for:
Name ocean, sea, rivers, bays, lakes plural (the name of the lake consists of 2 lakes or more).
Example: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Java Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Great Lakes, the Citarum River Name of the lake
Example: Lake Toba, Lake Batur, Lake Erie
Name mountains
Example: the Rocky Mountains, the Andes, the Bukit Barisan mountain Name
Example: Mount Merapi, Mount Semeru, Mount Kilimanjaro. Mount Everest.
Earth, moon, sun
Example: the earth, the moon, the sun Name planets (besides Earth), constellations
Example: Mars, Venus, Orion,
Name of school, university, college if schools, universities, colleges placed in front.
Example: the School of Cooper's Art, the University of Gadjah Mada, the College of Arts and Sciences. Name of school, university, college if schools, universities, colleges placed behind.
Example: Cooper's Art school, Gadjah Mada University, Sante Fe Community College.
Ordinal number before nouns
Example: the Second World War, the third chapter Cardinal number after nouns
Example: World War Two, Chapter three.
Name of war (except World War)
Example: the Korean War, the Crimean War, the Civil War
Name a country that consists of two words or more (except Great Britain)
Example: the United States of America, the Central African Republic if the country name consists of only one word
Example: Indonesia, China, Canada, France
 Name continent
Example: Asia, Europe, South America.
 Name of the state / province
Example: Florida, Ohio, California, Manitoba, East Java, North Sulawesi.
Historic documents
Example: the constitution, the Magna Carta
 Name Sports
Example: basketball, football, tennis
 Abstract noun
Example: freedom, happiness
 Science
Example: mathematics, Economics, sociology
 Name feast
Example: Christmas, Thanksgiving, Eid, Independence day

The use of a / an in more detail
Every night, I take a coffee for my father and we begin talk about business, football, and many other things. (In this sentence, not so specifically what kind of coffee was served. No specific coffee they like and of course they can be alternated types of coffee.)
Call a policeman when you see the robber walk here. (The sentence is just showing that a person is required to call the police, whoever it if he cops fat, skinny, women, or men, certainly not a problem. Because the most important thing is the police.)
Note: Remember that the use of a / an had to look at the words of the earliest letters in a word. If a consonant, then use a, and if the vocals then use an. Here are the complete rules of the use of both of these systems.
 A + A noun that has a consonant at the beginning of the word. Example: a zoo, a mountain, a chair, a bike, a fan, a book, and a ruler.
 A + A noun that begins with a consonant sound. Although the noun begins with a vowel, but if the sound consonant then it is definitely still using A. Example: a university, a user, and a unit. The third noun is preceded by vowel, but these are read with the prefix "yoo" (yoo-zer, yoo-nit).
 An + A noun that begins with a vowel either penyebutannya or words itself. Example: an apple, an airplane, an ax, an ant, an egg, and an idiot.
Those were the things that you should know in the use of a / s, then the next step you will be given a special understanding of the use of the.
The use of a more detailed
I usually read the book in a bus when I go to school. (We are talking here of a book that was clear. It may be that someone in the sentence just read one book every piece he left school.)
I am going give you the video game next week. (Video games which will be given the obvious point, perhaps the video game is the favorite video games are highly desired by someone other person in the sentence.
Broadly speaking, the use of verbal and written sentence includes to it. Then, there are important rules regarding the use of the geography of the system which will be described in the following points.
Do not use the Geography following system:
 Most countries or regions (For example, Canada, China, New Zealand)
 City, the capital city or country (for example Ottawa, Paris, California, France)
 Road (For example Front Street, Lakeview Avenue, Dogwood Crescent)
 lake (eg Lake Ontario, Lake Placid, Bear Lake, Lake Toba)
 Gulf (example Fundy Bay)
 Mount (for example Kilimanjaro, Krakatau, Mount Everest)
 Continent (for example America, Africa, Australia, Asia)
 Island (Sumatra, Java, Madagascar)
 Use The before the names of the following:
 river, ocean, sea (eg the Mississippi River, the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean)
 bay using the "bay" at the beginning (eg the Bay of Fundy, the Bay of Bengal)
 Peninsula (eg the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Peninsula)
 Mountains (eg the Rockies, the Dolomites, the Laurentians, the Bukit Barisan)
 Pole (eg the North Pole)
 geographic area (for example, the Middle East, the South)

 deserts and forests (eg the Gobi Desert, the Black Forest)...


Bahasa Indonesia

Perbedaan Penggunaan kata-kata dalam kalimat bahasa inggris dibawah ini, yaitu :
1.      Some
Kata some memiliki arti beberapa dalam bahasa Indonesia. Jadi jika benda yang kita akan sebutkan lebih dari satu kita dapat menggunakan kata some sebagai penjelasnya. Kata some ini kita letakkan persis di depan kata benda yang akan kita jelaskan jumlahnya. Some/ beberapa digunakan pada kata benda yang bisa dihitung [countable noun] dan tidak bisa dihitung [uncountable noun] tetapi penggunaanya hanya pada kalimat positif saja. Contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat adalah:

Example 1 :     [+] I need some apples for making fruit salad.

Example 2 :     [+] The seller pour some milk into the porridge. 

Note : Kata some ini hanya dapat digunakan untuk kalimat positif atau kalimat berita saja. Jadi jangan gunakan kata some jika anda akan membuat suatu kalimat negatif atau kalimat tanya.

2.      Any
Dalam bahasa Indonesia any memiliki arti banyak. Namun kata any hanya dapat digunakan dalam kalimat negatif atau kalimat tanya saja. Kata any seperti halnya kata some, juga diletakkan persis di depan kata benda. Contoh kalimatnya adalah:

Example 1 :     [-] I don’t have any foods to be eaten.

Example 2 :     [?] Do you have any coffee?

Example 3 :     [-] Mother doesn’t buy any apples.

Note :  Pada kalimat pertama dan ketiga adalah contoh any yang digunakan dalam kalimat negatif. Sedangkan kalimat kedua adalah kata any yang digunakan dalam kalimat tanya. Jangan lupa juga untuk menambahkan huruf s pada setiap kata benda yang dapat dihitung.

3.      Many
Many memiliki arti banyak dalam bahasa Indonesia. Jika any digunakan dalam kalimat negatif dan kalimat tanya maka kata many digunakan dalam kalimat berita. Namun kata many hanya dapat digunakan untuk menjelaskan kata benda yang dapat dihitung saja. Many/banyak digunakan hanya pada kata benda yang bisa dihitung [countable noun] dan penggunaanya pada kalimat positif [+], negatif [-],  dan interrogative [?]. Contoh penggunaan many dalam suatu kalimat:

Example 1 :     [+] I have so many books in my book shelf.

Example 2 :     [+] Joni has many T-shirt in the cupboard.

Example 3 :     [-] There are not many chairs in the classroom.

4.      Much
Much memilki arti yang sama dengan many yaitu banyak. Lalu apa perbedaannya dengan kata many? Jika many digunakan untuk benda-benda yang dapat dihitung maka much digunakan untuk benda-benda yang tidak dapat dihitung. Contoh penggunaannya dalam suatu kalimat adalah:

Example 1 :     [+] I have so much coffee in my cabinet.

Example 2 :     [+] There is much ink in the bottle. (edited)

Example 3 :     [-] I don’t have much money anymore.

Example 4 :     [?] Does mother need much salt.

5.      A lot of
bisa digunakan baik untuk benda yang bisa dihitung maupun yang tidak bisa dihitung. Artinya bisa digunakan untuk mengganti posisi Many. Yang membedakan dengan Many dan Much adalah bahwa kebiasaan penggunaannya. A lot of hanya biasa digunakan dalam kalimat positif. Contoh:

Example 1 :     [+] I have a lot of friends who always stand by me.

Example 2 :     [+] How much money do you have? I have a lot of money.

Example 3 :     [+] There are a lot of shoes in the shoe shop.

Example 4 :     [+] Helena needs a lot of money to buy a car.

6.      A FEW 
A FEW atau Little artinya SEDIKIT. A few untuk kata benda yang dapat dihitung. Sedangkan a little untuk kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung jumlahnya. Contoh:

@ A few children = sedikit anak-anak
@ A few house = sedikit rumah-rumah
@ A few cats = sedikit kucing-kucing
@ A little coffee = sedikit kopi
@ A little sugar = sedikit gula
@ A little water = sedikit air

Note : Perlu diingat bila kita membuat kalimat yang disertai dengan kata FEW dan LITTLE harus menggunakan A didepannya. Jika penlisan few dan little tidak disertai a, maka artinya bukan sedikit. Kata-kata seperti: es, air, gula, kopi, dan teh tidak dapat dibentuk jamak.
Perbedaan penggunaan artikel/article dengan kata-kata dalam bahasa inggris dibawah ini, yaitu :
Artikel merupakan sebuah bentuk kata sifat (adjective) yang menunjukkan seberapa khusus atau seberapa umum sebuah kata kata benda. Ada tiga jenis artikel, yaitu: the, a/an, dan yang tidak memiliki article (zero article).
@ Perbedaan penggunaan article A vs AN.
Sebagai article, ‘ a ‘ dan ‘ an ‘ artinya adalah satu. Dalam bahasa Indonesia, kedua article ini dapat diterjemahkan menjadi sebuah/seorang/seekor/sehelai dst. Hal ini tergantung dari noun yang mengikutinya. Misalnya,

·         an apple           = sebuah apel
·         a lady              = seorang wanita
·         a tiger              = seekor harimau
·         a leaf               = sehelai daun, dst.

@ Penggunaan A dan AN
1)      a dan an hanya dapat diikuti oleh singular nouns (benda tunggal), tetapitidak pernah secara langsung diikuti oleh uncountable nouns (benda tidak dapat dihitung). Olehnya itu, akan INCORRECT jika anda menulis,

·         I need a water. (water: uncountable noun)
·         I just ate a bread. (bread: uncountable noun)
·         She just heard a bad news about her parents. (news: uncountable noun)
Kalimat ini akan menjadi benar jika article a dihilangkan atau jika di depan uncountable nouns (i.e. water dan bread) ditambahkan penakar (container) atau pengukur yang berfungsi untuk menyatakan berapa banyak/volume/ukuran dari uncountable nouns tersebut.

·         I need water. Atau I need a glass of water.
·         I just ate bread. Atau: I just ate a big slice of bread.
·         She just heard bad news about her parents. Atau: She just heard a piece of bad news about her parents.
Kapan kita gunakan a dan kapan kita gunakan an dapat dibaca pada topikNoun (part 2): Countable. Selain itu, noun yang tergolong ke dalamuncountable noun juga harus diketahui, sebab article a dan an tidak digunakan jika diikuti oleh uncountable nouns.

2)      a dan an digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sebuah singular noun secara umum (in general). Contoh:

·         A football is usually made of leather. ( leather = kulit. Note: dalam konteks ini, jangan gunakan kata skin. Leather adalah animal skin yang sudah diolah).
·         An artist should keep a good relationship with fans.

3)      a dan an digunakan untuk merujuk ke sebuah singular noun yang belum pernah disebutkan sebelumnya. Contoh:

·         I met a guy last night.
·         My company just built a new skyscraper. (skyscraper = gedung pencakar langit)

@ Penggunaan article THE
Ada beberapa rules yang harus anda pahami dalam penggunaan articlethe.

·         The umumnya digunakan untuk merujuk noun yang sudah pernahdisebutkan sebelumnya. Dengan adanya the, noun yang dimaksud menjadi lebih spesifik. Noun tersebut bisa countable, bisa juga uncountable noun. Jika countable noun, noun tersebut bisa singular, bisa juga plural. Dalam hal ini, the dapat berarti tersebut atau itu, atau kadang-kadang ini. Contoh:
ü  I met a guy last night. The guy asked my number and whether I would go out for a date. (number = nomor telepon, date = kencan). Dalam kalimat ini, the bisa digantikan dengan that.
ü  The water in my well is contaminated. (well = sumur, contaminated = terkontaminasi). Dalam kalimat ini, the tidak pas kalau digantikan dengan that, karena “water” di kalimat ini sudah diterangkan oleh “in my well“. Coba terjemahkan, terasa janggal bukan?
ü  Three students didn’t perform well in my exam. The (three) students hadn’t studied hard enough before the exam. Dalam kalimat ini, katathree adalah optional: bisa digunakan, bisa juga dihilangkan, karena maknanya sudah dipahami oleh lawan bicara atau pembaca. Di kalimat ini, the dapat digantikan dengan those/these. Jika anda masih ragu dalam penggunaan those/these, akan lebih aman jika anda gunakan the.
ü  There are many persons named Agnes Monica on Facebook. You will have hard time to find the Agnes Monica who sings Matahariku.

Sebaliknya, the tidak digunakan jika kita membicarakan uncountable nouns atau plural nouns secara umum (in general). Contoh:
ü  Water needs to be conserved. (Air perlu dikonservasi/dilindungi).
ü  Sugar is sweet. (Gula (rasanya) manis).
ü  Durians are very smelly. (Duarian-durian sangat bau/baunya keras).
ü  Lazy students hardly get good grades. (Murid-murid yang malas hampir tidak pernah mendapat nilai-nilai bagus).

@ Kata seperti breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper (= dinner), school, church, home, dan college pada umumnya tidak membutuhkan article. Tetapi, jika noun ini dirujuk, barulah article the diperlukan. Contoh:

ü  We go to school everyday. Starting next week, however, the school will be bulldozed by the government. (be bulldozed = diratakan dengan tanah dengan menggunakan bulldozer).
ü  Jenny and I just finished having lunch at the cafetaria. I thanked her because she paid for the lunch.
ü  I am very tired. I’d like to go home.

@ Rules yang lain dalam menentukan apakah the digunakan atau tidak, dapat dilihat pada tabel berikut. Note: the yang digunakan pada nouns di tabel berikut pada umumnya tidak berarti “tersebut”, olehnya itu, tidak dapat digantikan dengan that.

Gunakan THE untuk:
Jangan gunakan THE untuk:
Nama samudra, laut, sungai, teluk, plural lakes (nama danau yang terdiri dari 2 danau atau lebih).
Contoh: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Java Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Great Lakes, the Citarum River
Nama danau
Contoh: Lake Toba, Lake Batur, Lake Erie
Nama pegunungan
Contoh: the Rocky Mountains, the Andes, the Bukit Barisan
Nama gunung
Contoh: Mount Merapi, Mount Semeru, Mount Kilimanjaro. Mount Everest.
Earth, moon, sun
Contoh: the earth, the moon, the sun
Nama planet (selain bumi), rasi bintang
Contoh: Mars, Venus, Orion,
Nama sekolah, universitas, college jika sekolah, universitas, college ditempatkan di depan.
Contoh: the School of Cooper’s Art, the University of Gadjah Mada, the college of Arts and Sciences.
Nama sekolah, universitas, college jika sekolah, universitas, college ditempatkan di belakang.
Contoh: Cooper’s Art school, Gadjah Mada University, Sante Fe Community College.
Ordinal number sebelum nouns
Contoh: the Second World War, the third chapter
Cardinal number setelah nouns
Contoh: World War Two, Chapter three.
Nama perang (kecuali perang dunia)
Contoh: the Korean War, the Crimean War, the Civil War

Nama negara yang terdiri dari 2 kata atau lebih (kecuali Great Britain)
Contoh: the United States of America, the Central African Republic
Nama negara jika hanya terdiri dari satu kata
Contoh: Indonesia, China, Canada, France

Nama benua
Contoh: Asia, Europe, South America.

Nama state/province
Contoh: Florida, Ohio, California, Manitoba, Jawa Timur, Sulawesi Utara.
Dokumen bersejarah
Contoh: the constitution, the Magna Carta


Nama Olahraga
Contoh: basketball, football, tennis

Noun abstract
Contoh: freedom, happiness

Bidang ilmu
Contoh: mathematics, Economics, sociology

Nama hari raya
Contoh: Christmas, Thanksgiving, Idul Fitri, Independence day



Penggunaan a/an secara lebih terperinci

Every night, I take a coffee for my father and we begin talk about business, football, and many other things.  (Dalam kalimat ini, tidak begitu spesifik jenis kopi apa yang dihidangkan. Tidak ada kopi spesifik yang mereka sukai dan tentu mereka bisa saja berganti-ganti jenis kopi.)

Call a policeman when you see the robber walk here. (Kalimat tersebut hanya menunjukkan bahwa seseorang diharuskan untuk memanggil polisi, siapapun itu apakah ia polisi gemuk, kurus, wanita, atau pria, tentu tidak masalah. Karena yang terpenting adalah polisi.)

Note : Ingat bahwa penggunaan a/an harus melihat pada kata huruf yang paling awal di sebuah kata. Jika konsonan, maka gunakanlah a, dan jika vocal maka gunakanlah an. Berikut aturan lengkap sistem penggunaan kedua hal tersebut.
@ A + Sebuah kata benda yang mempunyai konsonan di awal kata. Contoh : a zoo, a mountain, a chair, a bike, a fan, a book, dan a ruler.
@ A + Sebuah kata benda yang dimulai dengan bunyi konsonan. Meskipun kata benda ini dimulai dengan huruf vocal, tetapi jika bunyinya konsonan maka sudah pasti tetap menggunakan A. Contoh : a university, a user, dan a unit. Ketiga kata benda tersebut memang diawali dengan huruf vocal, namun kesemuanya dibaca dengan awalan “yoo” (yoo-zer, yoo-nit).
@ An + Sebuah kata benda yang diawali dengan huruf vokal baik penyebutannya maupun kata-katanya itu sendiri. Contoh : an apple, an airplane, an axe, an ant, an egg, dan an idiot.

Itulah hal-hal yang harus Anda ketahui dalam penggunaan a/an, kemudian pada tahap selanjutnya Anda akan diberikan pemahaman khusus mengenai penggunaan the.

Penggunaan the secara lebih terperinci

I usually read the book in a bus when I go to school. (Kita disini sedang berbicara sebuah buku yang sudah jelas maksudnya. Bisa jadi, seseorang di dalam kalimat tersebut hanya membaca satu buah buku setiap ia berangkat sekolah.)

I am going give you the video game next week. (Video game yang akan diberikan sudah jelas maksudnya, mungkin video game tersebut merupakan video game favorit yang sangat diinginkan oleh lawan bicara seseorang dalam kalimat tersebut.

Secara garis besar, penggunaan the dalam kalimat verbal dan tulisan mencakup kepada hal tersebut. Kemudian, ada aturan penting mengenai penggunaan the dalam sistem geografi yang akan dijelaskan dalam poin-poin berikut ini.

Jangan gunakan The pada sistem Geografi berikut ini:

@ Sebagian besar negara atau wilayah (Misalkan Canada, China, New Zealand)
@ Kota, ibu kota kota atau negara (Misalnya Ottawa, Paris, California, France)
@ Jalan (Misalnya Front Street, Lakeview Avenue, Dogwood Crescent)
@ Danau (Misalnya Lake Ontario, Lake Placid, Bear Lake, Lake Toba)
@ Teluk (Misalnya Fundy Bay)
@ Gunung (Misalnya Kilimanjaro, Krakatau, Mount Everest)
@ Benua (Misalnya America, Africa, Australia, Asia)
@ Pulau (Sumatra, Java, Madagaskar)
@ Gunakan The sebelum nama-nama berikut ini:
@ Sungai, samudra, laut (misalnya the Mississippi River, the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean)
@ Teluk yang menggunakan “bay” di awal (misalnya the Bay of Fundy, the Bay of Bengal)
@ Semenanjung (misalnya the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Peninsula)
@ Pegunungan (misalnya the Rockies, the Dolomites, the Laurentians, the Bukit Barisan)
@ Kutub (misalnya the North Pole)
@ Wilayah geografis (misalnya the Middle East, the South)
@ Padang pasir dan hutan (misalnya Gobi Desert, the Black Forest)





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